Pulled Facts about the United States Criminal Conviction System

getting out success after incarceration by James wielandChapter 1:

  • The US is 5% of the World population and has 25% of world prisoners
  • 7% of inmates in jails and state prisons suffer from a mental illness
  • We are incarcerating those with less education, using some form of drug, that tend to be of a non-white race more than any other demographic in the United States.
  • The 2012 Presidential race between Barack Obama and Mitt Romney had about a 5 million difference in the popular vote. Had either candidate addressed the concerns of the roughly 15 million eligible felon voters, they would have better secured their win, or overturned the results.


Chapter 2:

  • In 2011, 688,384 men and women — approximately 1,885 individuals a day — were released from state or federal custody.
  • Signed into law on April 9, 2008, the Second Chance Act (P.L. 110-199) was designed to improve outcomes for people returning to communities after incarceration. This first-of-its-kind legislation authorizes federal grants to government agencies and nonprofit organizations to provide support strategies and services designed to reduce recidivism by improving outcomes for people returning from prisons, jails, and juvenile facilities. (CSG Justice Center, 2015)


Chapter 3:

  • In 2013, 49.1 million Americans lived in food insecure households, including 33.3 million adults and 15.8 million children.
  • While it is difficult to actually measure how long an individual can last without food or water, the general estimate is 3-5 days without liquids and, at most, 3 weeks without food.
  • According to the National Coalition for the Homeless, 21 cities have passed measures aimed at restricting feeding the homeless since 2013. This statistic is included in the 47% increase in the number of cities that have passed or introduced legislation to restrict food sharing since 2010. (Barclay, 2014)


Chapter 4:

  • A fifth of homeless people have committed "imprisonable offences" just to spend a night in a jail cell.
  • Nearly 1 in 10 inmates in the U.S. jails and prison system have prior military service. (Wolfe, 2013) Almost 1 in 5 veterans suffers from PTSD or major depression, both of which led to an increase in substance abuse or suicide. Between 529,000 and 840,000 veterans are homeless at some time during the year. (Veterans, 2015) A significant number of the U.S. homeless population is both a military veteran and a convicted criminal.


Chapter 5:

  • The earnings loss associated with imprisonment is found to range between 10% and 30%.
  • Roughly 80% of today’s jobs will be acquired through a networking scenario.
  • There were 3.6 million job openings at the end of 2012. About 80% of available jobs are never advertised.
  • On average, interviews last 40 minutes. After that, it usually takes 24 hours to two weeks to hear from the company with their decision. (Smith, 2013)


Chapter 6:

  • Mental illness among today's inmates is so pervasive, with around 64% of jail inmates, 54% of state prisoners and 45% of federal prisoners reporting mental health concerns.
  • Roughly 65% of all U.S. inmates meet medical criteria for substance abuse addiction while only 11% receive any form of treatment.
  • Almost two million American youth need treatment for alcohol and other drug use or abuse. But only 1 in 20 will receive treatment. Research shows that teens with substance abuse problems are more likely to break the law, behave violently or drop out of school. In fact, 4 out of 5 young people in the juvenile justice system commit crimes while under the influence of alcohol or drugs. (Richardson, 2013)


Chapter 7:

  • People assess your competence and trustworthiness in a quarter of a second
  • 1 in 10 inmates in America had been sexually assaulted in custody.
  • In 2001, a study of 122 college students found that handshake types indicated personality. Extroverts tend towards firm handshakes while introverts use weak handshakes.
  • To a prospective employer, your personal brand matters, but posting provocative images or comments could absolutely hurt your chances of getting hired. I'm not saying you can't be you, but that photo you posted to your public Facebook account holding a beer and looking completely sh*tfaced is why I didn't call you in for an interview. (Kaczerski, 2014)


Chapter 8:

  • Researchers have found that having even one close friend that you confide in can extend your life by as much as 10 years.
  • Only 50% of the ‘no contact’ inmates completed their first year on parole without being arrested, while 70% of those with 3 visitors were ‘arrest free’ during this period.
  • Having a parent in prison can have an impact on a child's mental health, social behavior and educational prospects.
  • Children of incarcerated parents may also be more likely to have faced other adverse childhood experiences, including witnessing violence in their communities or directly in their household or exposure to drug and alcohol abuse.


Chapter 9:

  • Attractive people are likely to earn an average of 3% to 4% more than a person with below-average looks.
  • While female prisoners and jail inmates were less likely than males to be overweight, they were more likely to be obese or morbidly obese.” The numbers showed female prisoners (35%) were less likely than males (47%) to be overweight. However, female (43%) prisoners were more likely than males (27%) to be either obese or morbidly obese. (NIC, 2015)




Chapter 10:

  • The nation could save as much as $18.5 billion in annual crime costs if the high school male graduation rate increased by only 5 percentage points.
  • Every year roughly 750,000 people take the GED test
  • A "moderate" college budget for an in-state public college for the 2014–2015 academic year averaged $23,410.
  • The findings, from the largest-ever meta-analysis of correctional educational studies, suggest that prison education programs are cost effective, with a $1 investment in prison education reducing incarceration costs by $4 to $5 during the first three years post-release. (Davis, 2013)


Chapter 11:

  • The average income for a family of four to be considered at, or under the poverty line is: $24,250.
  • Three-fourths of those owing child support, restitution and supervision fees have difficulty paying these debts.
  • In 2014, there were 936,795 bankruptcies filed nationally. (Merna, 2015) The vast majority of bankruptcies are now filed by consumers and not by businesses. In 1980, businesses accounted for 13 percent of bankruptcies. Today, they account for about 3 percent. (Krulick, 2015)


Chapter 12:

  • About 62.8 million people volunteered through or for an organization at least once between September 2013 and September 2014. (Statistics, 2015)


Chapter 13:

  • 1 of every 13 African Americans unable to vote.
  • Handgun purchasers with at least one prior misdemeanor, not even a felony, were more than 7 times as likely as those with no criminal history to be charged with new offenses over a 15-year period.
  • Nationally, 7.3 million children have at least one parent in jail or prison. Sadly, 70 percent of these kids are doomed to follow in the same footsteps as their parents becoming imprisoned at some point in their lives. In fact, children of incarcerated parents are five times more likely than their peers to commit crimes. (Mosely, 2008)

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